The main aim of this thesis is to investigate how the English grammar teaching and learning is carried out in junior secondary school in China, and the role of grammar teaching as the EFL in the general studies’ foundation course. To satisfy this aim, we will further explore four different areas:1. the teaching methods suggested by the Chinese curriculum and syllabus;2. the textbooks used to teach English language;3. the teachers’ attitudes towards teaching grammar;4. the actual methods used to teach and learn grammar in classrooms.To find out the approved teaching methods suggested by the Chinese curriculum and syllabus, we will look at methods that have been traditionally used from the past to the present. In order to understand how grammar is presented in textbooks, we will study the grammar section of learners’ textbooks. After that, to learn more about the teachers’ attitudes towards teaching English grammar, we will distribute to the teachers questionnaires on what they feel and believe about teaching English. However, in order to confirm the actual teaching methods used in classrooms, teaching observations of grammar lessons will be carried out. To determine if a specific teaching method can cultivate specific abilities, the effectiveness of these lessons will be examined via interviews with the students and by comparing their answers with their academic results obtained in English classes. It is expected that this thesis will examine the ways of grammar teaching and learning and its contents and how they are manifest in textbooks and classrooms. This thesis will also evaluate several teaching approaches to determine which method is the most appropriate for the purposes of teaching and learning English grammar in junior secondary school in China.