The point of departure of this thesis is based on the Ganges water disputes between India and Bangladesh. The water conflict emerged when India, through the Farakka dam, started unilaterally to divert a large amount of the Ganges down stream flows from its natural route towards Bangladesh. This seriously damaged and continues to damage several important sectors of Bangladesh, including non-human entities of the natural environment. These disputes have normative ethical dimensions. The main objective of this thesis will be to discuss the following issue: What could be a justifiable solution to this dispute? From a moral point of view the following questions are especially important: Which are the relevant interests of the parties? Who are affected by the dam? How can their complaints be assessed? And finally, what will be a morally acceptable just distribution of the Ganges water? The thesis focuses on these questions and tries to find justifiable answers to them. The discussion of the thesis follows from the viewpoints of normative ethics and the main aim of the thesis is to offer a plausible solution to the present situation of the disputes.
Key words: Water disputes, the Ganges, environment, normative ethics, India, Bangladesh.