This study is based on the Japanese novel Grotesque (Gurotesuku) by Natsuo Kirino. I use Judith Butler’s theories of gender performativity and interpellation as a framework to analyze the four main female characters, the unnamed narrator ‘Watashi’, her sister Yuriko, and her classmates Kazue and Mitsuru, and how they are formed and re-formed by the power structures surrounding them. How does the environment we grow up in form whom we become, or to ask in a different way; how much do our surroundings have to say in the constitution of us as discursive subjects? Using Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus and field, and different forms of capital, I put Butler’s theories in a social context, and explain how the main characters in Grotesque can be said to be influenced by the social rules and unwritten norms surrounding them. I also look into some aspects of translation theory, and how the way Grotesque has been translated into English can be said to affect the way it can be read and interpreted.