The ancient polis of Colophon in Ionia (the Izmir Province, Turkey) is often mentioned in a sentence in works on urbanism and fortifications but has received comparatively little attention by researchers. Yet it was once one of the greatest cities of the Archaic period. My intention of this study is to present historical and archaeological sources as well as the results of a landscape survey to contribute to the understanding of Colophons landscape. The landscape was viewed as a series of interconnected locations with different identities, thus the phenomenological concepts of Julian Thomas were applied to provide a theoretical framework that could give an angle to both economic and mental sides of the landscape. A “hybrid” Colophon emerged, a palimpsest of Greek and Lydio-Persian influences, opposed its port city of Notion which connected with the Aegean power Athens later in the classical period. A pattern where Colophon declined and Notion rose was evident and the tenacious relationship between these two cities is linked to their connections with “different worlds”: Coastal Notion connected with Athens while inland Colophon sought out Persia. In the “landscape matrix” paths, as the imprints of communication, thus became an important part in the analysis of Colophon.