Smart Grids are electricity networks of tomorrow that offer many benefits to its users. As with any other technology, there are also problematic issues that need to be solved before the beginning of a widespread deployment of intelligent grids in the European Union. Critics point out that data protection and privacy could be threatened by installment of smart metering technology. These intelligent meters enable collecting personal data from each household or company on an unprecedented scale as well as remotely connecting/disconnecting smart appliances from electricity. Whereas some people welcome the possibility to lower their energy consumption, others are afraid that the privacy of their homes will be threatened.
To what extent is the EU legislation able to respond to these concerns and protect people against some of the unintended impacts of Smart Grids needs to be evaluated. This thesis is considering those concerns, presents the current data protection legal framework and provides a legal analysis of the main provisions that might concern Smart Grids. Second part of the thesis is considering non legislative options for data protection in Smart Grids as well as it evaluates current EU efforts in this field.