Now showing items 619-638 of 1505

  • Gouliouris, Theodore; Raven, Kathy E; Ludden, Catherine; Blane, Beth; Corander, Jukka; Horner, Carolyne S; Hernandez-Garcia, Juan; Wood, Paul; Hadjirin, Nazreen F; Radakovic, Milorad; Holmes, Mark; de Goffau, Marcus; Brown, Nicholas M; Parkhill, Julian; Peacock, Sharon J. (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) is a major cause of nosocomial infection and is categorized as high priority by the World Health Organization global priority list of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In the ...
  • Biong, Margarethe; Gram, Inger T; Brill, Ilene; Johansen, Fredrik; Solvang, Hiroko K; Alnaes, Grethe I; Fagerheim, Toril; Bremnes, Yngve; Chanock, Stephen J; Burdett, Laurie; Yeager, Meredith; Ursin, Giske; Kristensen, Vessela N (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2010)
    Background Increased mammographic density is one of the strongest independent risk factors for breast cancer. It is believed that one third of breast cancers are derived from breasts with more than 50% ...
  • Schéle, Erik; Pfabigan, Daniela M.; Simrén, Joel; Sailer, Uta; Dickson, Suzanne L. (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Social interaction is important for survival in most social species including humans. To ensure social activities, individuals experience reward from social interaction, generating a powerfully reinforcing process. Here ...
  • Ljøsne, Isabelle Sylvie Budin; Friedman, Barbara Bodorkos; Suri, Sana; Solé-Padullés, Cristina; Düzel, Sandra; Drevon, Christian A; Baaré, William F.C.; Mowinckel, Athanasia Monika; Zsoldos, Enikő; Madsen, Kathrine Skak; Carver, Rebecca Bruu; Ghisletta, Paolo; Arnesen, Mari; Bartrés Faz, David; Brandmaier, Andreas M.; Fjell, Anders Martin; Kvalbein, Aud; Henson, Richard N.; Kievit, Rogier A.; Nawijn, Laura; Pochet, Roland; Schnitzler, Alfons; Walhovd, Kristine B; Zasiekina, Larysa (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Background: Brain health is a multi-faceted concept used to describe brain physiology, cognitive function, mental health and well-being. Diseases of the brain account for one third of the global burden of disease and are ...
  • Reine, Trine M.; Jenssen, Trond Geir; Kolset, Svein Olav (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    Purpose: Glucosamine (GlcN) supplements are promoted for medical reasons, for example, for patients with arthritis and other joint-related diseases. Oral intake of GlcN is followed by uptake in the intestine, transport in ...
  • Bjørnsen, Lars Petter B-W. (Doctoral thesis / Doktoravhandling, 2016)
    GABA and glutamate transporter proteins are important in relation to epilepsy because they represent the mechanisms that keep the extracellular concentrations of GABA and dicarboxylic amino acids low. GABA and glutamate ...
  • Zhou, Yun; Danbolt, Niels Christian (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    Glutamate is the most abundant free amino acid in the brain and is at the crossroad between multiple metabolic pathways. Considering this, it was a surprise to discover that glutamate has excitatory effects on nerve cells, ...
  • Holmseth, Silvia (Doctoral thesis / Doktoravhandling, 2011)
    Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian nervous system. It is inactivated by cellular uptake catalyzed by a family of glutamate transporter proteins (GLT1, GLAST, EAAC1, EAAT4 and EAAT5). The ...
  • Ormel, Lasse (Doctoral thesis / Doktoravhandling, 2015)
    Glutamatergic and GABAergic gliotransmission is a compilation of studies on the ability of glial cells to release glutamate by exocytosis and GABA by bestrophin 1 channel. The vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs) are ...
  • Lee, Eunjung; Luo, Jianning; Schumacher, Fredrick R; Van Den Berg, David; Wu, Anna H; Stram, Daniel O; Bernstein, Leslie; Ursin, Giske (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    Background The contribution of genetic polymorphisms to the large inter-individual variation in mammographic density (MD) changes following starting and stopping use of estrogen and progestin combined therapy ...
  • Zink, Lisa-Maria; Delbarre, Erwan; Eberl, H Christian; Keilhauer, Eva C; Bonisch, Clemens; Punzeler, Sebastian; Bartkuhn, Marek; Collas, Philippe; Mann, Matthias; Hake, Sandra B. (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Histone chaperones prevent promiscuous histone interactions before chromatin assembly. They guarantee faithful deposition of canonical histones and functionally specialized histone variants into chromatin in a spatial- and ...
  • Saxvig, Ingvild W.; Wilhelmsen-Langeland, Ane; Pallesen, Ståle; Nordhus, Inger Hilde; Vedaa, Øystein; Bjorvatn, Bjørn (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    The aim of this study was to explore habitual sleep, social jetlag, and day-to-day variations in sleep (measured as intra-individual standard deviation, ISD) in youths with delayed sleep–wake phase disorder (DSWPD), compared ...
  • Mtenga, Janeth; Orf, Kate; Zheng, Jiexin; Chamba, Clara; Chuwa, Harrison; Luoga, Frederick; Malangahe, Stella; Iversen, Per Ole; Makani, Julie (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a much‐needed service in Tanzania, to provide curative therapy for sickle cell disease (SCD), aplastic anaemia and haematological malignancies. The experience of other ...
  • Kabashi, Saranda; Vindenes, Vigdis; Bryun, Eugeniy Alekseevich; Koshkina, Evgenia A.; Nadezhdin, Alexey V.; Tetenova, Elena J.; Kolgashkin, Alexey J.; Petukhov, Alexey E.; Perekhodov, S.N.; Davydova, Erna; Gamboa, Danil; Hilberg, Thor; Lerdal, Anners; Nordby, Gudmund; Zhang, Chi; Bogstrand, Stig Tore (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    Background The aim was to estimate the prevalence of harmful alcohol use in relation to socio-demographic characteristics among acutely ill medical patients, and examine identification measures of alcohol use, including ...
  • Stenehjem, Jo S.; Babigumira, Ronnie; Friesen, Melissa C.; Grimsrud, Tom Kristian (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    Background Work history data often require major data management including handling of overlapping jobs to avoid overestimating exposure before linkage to job‐exposure matrices (JEMs) is possible. Methods In a case‐cohort ...
  • Gude, Tore; Tyssen, Reidar; Anvik, Tor; Grimstad, Hilde; Holen, Are; Baerheim, Anders; Vaglum, Per; Løvseth, Lise (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Background Attitudes towards learning clinical communication skills at the end of medical school are likely to reflect the students’ training and motivation for the continued development of their skills as doctors. Students ...
  • Mahmood, Javed Iqbal (Doctoral thesis / Doktoravhandling, 2019)
    Although previous studies have addressed Norwegian medical students’ and young doctors’ hazardous drinking, and possible mediators of this behaviour, we still lack representative and longitudinal studies on hazardous ...
  • Sterud, Tom; Hem, Erlend; Ekeberg, Øivind; Lau, Bjørn (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2008)
    Background To estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms, and their association with professional help-seeking, among operational ambulance personnel and a general working population, and ...
  • Karlsen, Tor I; Lund, Randi S; Røislien, Jo; Tonstad, Serena; Natvig, Gerd K; Sandbu, Rune; Hjelmesæth, Jøran (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2013)
    Background There is little robust evidence relating to changes in health related quality of life (HRQL) in morbidly obese patients following a multidisciplinary non-surgical weight loss program or laparoscopic ...
  • Sterud, Tom; Ekeberg, Øivind; Hem, Erlend (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2006)
    Background Researchers have become increasingly aware that ambulance personnel may be at risk of developing work-related health problems. This article systematically explores the literature on health problems ...