The aim of the present study is to theoretically and empirically investigate a theory labeled the Adversity Quotient (AQ). Its claim of being able to predict all facets of human capacity and performance is being tested by comparing it with the more established Five Factor Model (also known as the Big Five). Data for this study were obtained from Det Norske Veritas and from CORE Learning. A total of 98 participants were recruited (41 females, 57 males). Results indicate that the total score of AQ’s measurement tool (ARP) does not predict job performance better than the BFI, a measurement of the Big Five. However, there seemed to be theoretical support for the AQ framework. Implications for the AQ measurement and its practical use as well as the AQ theory overall will be presented.