The research question of this project is:What are the impacts of the national environmental discourse on environmental practises at the municipal level?The point of departure for this question is an observation of the Latvian environmental discourse as similar to the environmental discourses in countries in Western Europe. The discourse seems to be based on features of ecological modernisation. Ecological modernisation is characterised by changes in environmental policies from reactive “end-of-pipe” approaches towards anticipatory and precautionary solutions. There has also been a move towards more integrated regulatory approaches and an emphasise on environmental and economical benefits as mutually reinforcing. These and other features of ecological modernisation the point of reference for the analysis of the national environmental discourse.There are two analytical chapters. The first is a study of the national environmental discourse with point of reference to the National Environmental Policy Plan (NEPP). The policy goals, principles and instruments for implementation are stated, and the main priorities and problems are identified in the NEPP. Through an analysis of the NEPP, with reference to the features of ecological modernisation, it is shown how the national environmental discourse seems to be in line with the ‘modern’ environmental discourse of ecological modernisation. The environmental discourse in Latvia has changed since independence. These changes are studied as institutional changes. Different institutional elements are identified and discussed. Most of the changes seem to be initiated from the level of the Ministry, or form foreign experts and organisations.secondly, environmental practises will be studied as a case study of Madona municipality. The municipality is studied both as a target group and as a policy actor. As a target group the environmental practises of the municipality are meant to be changed by implementation of national environmental policy. Changes in environmental practises are mainly connected to national programmes and foreign donations. Few practises connected to the municipality as a policy actor can be the difficult economic situation combined with a low level of knowledge on environmental issues and resource management.A main conclusion is that a low level of knowledge, a lack of financial and human resources and a good environmental quality are barriers for change. These factors need to be changed if the goal of a decentralised environmental protection system, where municipalities are important policy actors, can be reached.