This case study on Turkish resistance against Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) is conducted by using the Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) theory in order to illuminate the less included actors in the development process of Turkish biotechnology capacity building.
Promise and fear is the twin aspect of new biotechnologies. The level of risk perceived with the introduction of every new technological change, is depending upon the values, beliefs and cultures that are guiding the multiple cosmologies, or systems that provides signification, in every human society. The global controversy over Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), a battle over the creation of wealth and distribution of public goods, and over ethical considerations, is expressed in various local contexts.
Turkey is in this sense not unique. However, this social anthropological case study on the Turkish civil society’s engagement in the controversies over GMOs shows how local efforts do create an impact on decision making at higher structural levels as well as creating awareness among the broader public.
A greater level of public participation may create positive opening around knowledge asymmetries and political influence and thus face human needs in a more socially balanced manner.