“Profit expactancy” has become the driving motive in most of the human actions in our modern world. However the idea of unlimited consumption and profit gained by technological development have been challenged and limited by the unintentional social consequences of technological change and the risks that are inevitably tied to them. People are now aware of the pollution, environmental degradation, resource depletion and many other risks that come together with modern technologies. However, since the perceptions of every individual differ from one another, debates about a risk issue inevitably turn into conflicts. The purpose of this study is to analyse such a conflict that aroused in Bergama, Turkey due to the siting of a gold mine using cyanide in its production. This analysis is aimed to be made with the help of the conceptual tools of the social arena theory. Moreover, by employing an integrated study of the realist and constructivist approaches to risk, this particular social experience of risk is aimed to be studied for a more comprehensive analysis
Keywords : Risk, risk perceptions, social arena theory and conflict resolution.