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dc.date.accessioned2013-03-12T09:55:28Z
dc.date.available2013-03-12T09:55:28Z
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.date.submitted2002-10-01en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/17298
dc.description.abstractParents inuence their children's adult outcomes through economic and genetic endowments, transmission of cultural values and social skills, and through choice of residential location. Using a variance decomposition framework which provides bounds on the e_ect of families and neighbourhoods, we _nd important e_ects of family characteristics as well as residential location on educational attainment and adult earnings in Norway. Families are more important than neighbourhoods as the correlations among siblings are significantly higher than among children growing up in the same local community. Sibling correlations are estimated to be a little lower than for the US, while correlations between neighbourhood children in Norway are found to be significantly weaker than in the US. Unlike previous studies, we also assess changes over time by studying children growing up around 1960 and 1970. While family effects are permanent over time, the impact of neighbourhoods is reduced by half in size from 1960 to 1970 and we link this result to several policy changes in the 1960s aimed at increasing equality of opportunity in Norway. Our results differ from previous US studies, suggesting that the role of families and neighbourhoods in explaining the degree of equality of opportunity and social mobility depends on labour market institutions and redistributive policies.nor
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherUniversitetet i Oslo, Økonomisk institutt
dc.relation.ispartofMemorandum fra Økonomisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo http://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-7118en_US
dc.relation.urihttp://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-7118
dc.subjectbarnforeldrenaboutdanningEducationen_US
dc.subjectChildrenen_US
dc.subjectNeighboursen_US
dc.subjectSiblingsen_US
dc.subjectLocalInstitutionsen_US
dc.subjectPeereeffectsen_US
dc.titleThe neighbourhood is not what it used to be : has there been equalisation of opportunity across families and communities in Norway?en_US
dc.typeWorking paperen_US
dc.date.updated2012-09-14en_US
dc.creator.authorRaaum, Oddbjørnen_US
dc.creator.authorSalvanes, Kjell G.en_US
dc.creator.authorSørensen, Erik Øiolfen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::210en_US
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-3090en_US
dc.type.documentArbeidsnotaten_US
dc.identifier.duo4788en_US
dc.identifier.bibsys021665702en_US
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/17298/1/4788.pdf


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