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dc.date.accessioned2013-08-01T10:31:09Z
dc.date.available2013-08-01T10:31:09Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.date.submitted2008-09-23en_US
dc.identifier.citationSæther, Elin. The conditional autonomy of the critical press in China. Doktoravhandling, University of Oslo, 2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/16088
dc.description.abstractI løpet av perioden med økonomiske reformer i Kina har de trykte mediene gått fra å være en statsfinansiert propagandakanal til å bli en sammensatt sektor, bestående av både partikontrollert presse, tabloidaviser og også mer kritiske publikasjoner. Den kritiske pressen har tatt opp viktige samfunnsspørsmål som ikke tidligere har vært diskutert i den kinesiske offentligheten, som miljøproblemer, AIDS og korrupsjon. Avhandlinga ”The conditional autonomy of the critical press in China” er basert på intervjuer med journalister og diskursanalyse av problemorienterte avisartikler og viser hvordan kritisk og undersøkende journalistikk har bidratt til å utvide den offentlige sfæren i Kina. Mens partistaten tidligere tolka åpen kritikk som forsøk på å undergrave myndighetenes kontroll, er det nå høyere aksept for at medienes søkelys på sosiale problemer kan bidra til bedre styring. Men partistatens godkjenning gjelder bare diskusjon av moderate og lokale problemer. Mediene kan fortsatt ikke ta opp negative saker som berører den sentrale ledelsen i landet, derfor har de kritiske mediene bare en betinga autonomi. Partistaten beholder makta til å regulere informasjon, både i presse, på TV og på nett. Dagens kinesiske mediesituasjon er likevel prega av at flere stemmer kommer til uttrykk enn tidligere. Mediene har blitt en kanal som også kan formidle informasjon nedenfra og opp, som marginaliserte gruppers synspunkter, og på sikt kan dette få stor politisk betydning.nor
dc.description.abstractThe hegemonic role of the Chinese media is to serve as the mouthpiece of the Chinese Communist Party. This assignment has given journalists a central role in the party-state’s propaganda and thought work. Central to this top-down function was the journalists’ ability to communicate the party line to the people, inspire a positive atmosphere and contribute to the creation of a socialist society. In this context, the CCP leadership conceived of social problems as ‘negative news’ which were to be limited in the public sphere.<br> In the Mao era the media was an integrated part of the party-state, but as a consequence of the economic reform process, the media has acquired more financial and administrative freedom. Marketization and competition has led to diversification in the media field: entertainment, consumer information and human interest-stories have become part of the media discourse. New information technology contributed further to the diversification of the emerging media market in China in the 1990s, and the growth in critical and investigative journalism, in particular within parts of the print media has been one result of this development.<br> This dissertation focuses on critical and investigative journalism in the press, in particular as it appeared in the newspaper Southern Weekend (Nanfang Zhoumo) around the turn of the millennium. Through interviews with journalists and analysis of newspaper articles a new media discourse is identified: this discourse is characterized by an emphasis on social problems, such as corruption, environmental problems, severe accidents and AIDS. The critical and investigative journalism challenges the mouthpiece role of the Chinese media. Through their discursive strategies, critical journalists contribute to carving out a new political role for the Chinese media. This role is a product of journalists’ attempt to increase their autonomy, and of their wish to provide marginalized people with a bottom-up channel of communication. <br> However, the development of critical journalism also reflects the party-state’s wish to utilize new media discourses, while containing the perceived negative impact of critical exposures upon social stability. The result is that the media acquires a conditional autonomy where the party-state retains the controlling power. Journalists cannot openly defy the party-state’s regulations, but through their discursive strategies they push the boundaries restricting what they can write about. A discourse analysis of Southern Weekend articles shows that these texts are polyphonic, ambiguous expressions: on the one hand, they actively relate to the hegemonic mouthpiece discourse, but they also oppose it. The polyphonic features of critical and investigative newspaper articles offer a discursive advantage in a controlled media environment, because the ambiguity makes possible different interpretations while decreasing the likelihood of sanctions being imposed by the propaganda authorities. <br> The Chinese party-state’s control over the media means that overt challenges are dangerous: news organizations can be closed down and journalists risk imprisonment. However, during the last two decades critical and investigative journalism has become part of the Chinese public sphere, and it has achieved a conditional autonomy. Through polyphone texts and careful discursive strategies, journalists have succeeded in expanding the boundaries of the public sphere, and this contributes to a new political role for the Chinese media.eng
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.titleThe conditional autonomy of the critical press in Chinaen_US
dc.typeDoctoral thesisen_US
dc.date.updated2013-07-09en_US
dc.creator.authorSæther, Elinen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::290en_US
cristin.unitcodenullen_US
cristin.unitnameSamfunnsgeografien_US
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.au=Sæther, Elin&rft.title=The conditional autonomy of the critical press in China&rft.inst=University of Oslo&rft.date=2008&rft.degree=Doktoravhandlingen_US
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-20207en_US
dc.type.documentDoktoravhandlingen_US
dc.identifier.duo85211en_US
dc.contributor.supervisorProfessor Kristian Stokkeen_US
dc.identifier.bibsys132318598en_US
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/16088/1/Sather.pdf


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