Women poverty debate has been part of the global poverty debates since the 1970s. Many research reports and publication on poverty reveals that women are disproportionary poorer than men (Jazairy et al 1992, World Bank 2000c, Momsen 2004). The incidences of poverty are high among rural women farmers than in urban area. The women poverty differential between rural and urban areas is attributed to the economic activities the said poor are involved in. Women farmers are said to be poor because they record low agro-yields and that this is the result of low productive asset ownership among them. This study shows that there is widespread poverty among small-scale rural agricultural women of Muziya and that poverty is of different types. The major causes of the widespread poverty among women of Muziya is due to a number of shocks, among them are cattle mortality and morbidity, lack of farm inputs, ill health and poor rainfall patterns. These have resulted into low production among women farmers. The majority of the poor small-scale women of Muziya fall in the extremely poor category and belong to different households, are of different marital status, and have different land sizes. However, the cause of the widespread poverty does not lie only in low agro-production but rather low production recorded from various livelihood sources. The productivity differential from the various livelihood activities among small-scale rural agricultural women of Muziya lie in the investment and type of livelihood activities small-scale rural women are involved in as well as asset holding particularly cattle.