In this thesis I have investigated the contradictions in China’s foreign policy in the case of the Darfur conflict, and how this case relates to more general characteristics of China’s foreign policy and to the international system of states. On the one hand, China had close relations to the Government of Sudan (G0S) and strong economic interests in the country. On the other hand, China to an increasing degree contributed to the international effort to solve the crisis in Darfur, particularly through its efforts to make GoS consent to UN presence in Darfur. I investigated the case using the IR theory of contingent realism.
The thesis argues that China follows a two-tracked approach to foreign policy: One track towards developing countries, emphasising principles of sovereignty and non-intervention. The other track towards the Western world, emphasising multilateralism and international responsibility. Further, it argues that the two tracks of foreign policy have collided in the case of the conflict in Darfur, due the conflicting demands of sovereignty and responsibility.