How can the use of sexual violence in Congo (DRC) be understood in the recent war from 1998 to 2003? It is argued that some of the sexual violence at the individual level seem to be directly linked to the poor socio-economic development in the DRC. At the group level, sexual violence could be seen as a weapon to exert domination over a community or a group. At the macro level, being a security threat and committing severe human rights violations might be the only and easiest way to be a part of the bargaining table and getting power at the state level.
Can the efforts to deal with sexual violence in Liberia be a solution to the DRC and if so can it be meaningfully replicated in the DRC? There is a strong political will in Liberia, compared to the DRC, but the focus on the political leadership has overshadowed considerations of local communities and people’s attitudes. Traditional customs of neo-patrimonialism continues and there is still widespread discrimination towards individuals. If human rights, gender equality and stronger institutions are penetrated more thoroughly in the entire population, then there is more likelihood of enhanced capabilities among the civilians at all levels of the society.