The participation of women in peacekeeping remains limited in spite of efforts by the United Nations to encourage the involvement of women in all aspect of peace operations (Rehn and Johnson Sirleaf, 2002:65; Stiehm, 2002:47). Some Scholars have explained the situation by arguing that military institutions limit the involvement of females in operations mainly due to concerns for operational effectiveness (Heinecken, 2005, 715; Rehn and Johnson Sirleaf, 2002: 67). This study specifically attempts to map out the extent to which concerns for operational effectiveness accounts for the limited integration of female personnel in peacekeeping operations of the Ghana Armed Forces. It utilized varied sources of data including a general survey among randomly selected experienced peacekeepers, in-depth interviews with officers of the Ghana Armed Forces, personal observations, data from the United Nations, the peacekeeping magazine of the Ghana Armed Forces and other supporting documents. It suggests that within the context of the Ghana Armed Forces, it is perceived to be empirically feasible to open up all military duties in peacekeeping environments to both male and female personnel. Two main factors were found to account for this. Military personnel are professionally disciplined to be loyal to command such that it is possible for both male and female officers to lead the military for peace operations. Recruitment procedure into the armed Forces is strict and certifies that any person accepted into the military is capable of performing military tasks in peacekeeping environments. But the study found a disjuncture between how the capabilities of females in peacekeeping are perceived, being favorable, and the actual involvement of women in peacekeeping being limited. In search for alternative explanation, it suggests for further study the possibility that to some extent the limited integration of females in peacekeeping operations may also be an outcome of learning by observation among the military institutions. The study supports other researchers such as Hyde (2005:715) who have found that males and females possess similar capabilities and do not need to be differentiated in playing roles in society.