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dc.identifier.citationHaugevik, Kristin Marie. Britain and the ESDP 1998-2004. Masteroppgave, University of Oslo, 2005en_US
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this thesis is to analyse the nature of the changes in Britain s approach to the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) after 1998. Since the beginning of the European integration process in 1951, Britain has often been described as a reluctant European , less willing to fully take part in the European project than many of the countries in continental Europe. This has particularly been the case with regard to foreign, security, and defence matters. Especially under the governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major, Britain s approach to European security and defence was marked by Anti-Federalism and Transatlanticism. Therefore it was unexpected when Tony Blair, together with France s President Jacques Chirac, took the initiative to frame a common security and defence policy for the EU in Saint Malo in 1998. The theoretical framework is based on a combination of Rationalist and Social Constructivist perspectives. To what extent can the changes in Britain s approach to the ESDP after 1998 be explained as the result of a strategic adaptation? And to what extent can it be explained as the result of a process of identity change? Whereas the former would imply that Britain has simply adjusted its behaviour to external and internal factors, the latter would imply that the British identity and security interests have gone through more profound changes. The two accounts are tested by analysing Britain s approach to some of the most important ESDP documents since 1998: the Saint Malo declaration (1998), the Laeken declaration and the Nice Treaty (2001), the European Security Strategy (2003), and the Constitution Treaty (2004). By examining four factors, namely the European element in the British security discourse, the transfer of British sovereignty to the EU on ESDP matters, the transatlantic element in various ESDP documents, and the transatlantic response to the various ESDP developments, I seek to identify the nature of Britain s approach to the ESDP after 1998. By comparing this approach to that of former British governments most notably those of Thatcher and Major I discuss the extent to which the traditional British anti-federalist and transatlantic preferences have remained intact, and to what extent they have been more profoundly changed.nor
dc.titleBritain and the ESDP 1998-2004 : strategic adaptation or identity change?en_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen_US
dc.creator.authorHaugevik, Kristin Marieen_US
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.au=Haugevik, Kristin Marie&rft.title=Britain and the ESDP 1998-2004&rft.inst=University of Oslo&rft.date=2005&rft.degree=Masteroppgaveen_US
dc.contributor.supervisorRieker, Pernille og Jan Erik Grindheimen_US

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