Horizontal Inequalities and Political Violence
Appears in the following Collection
- Institutt for statsvitenskap 
AbstractWhile recent quantitative research concludes that economic inequality is unrelated to civil conflict, qualitative case studies suggest that what matters for political violence is so-called ‘horizontal inequalities’ (HIs), or systematic inequalities between identity groups. However, since case studies are not well suited for making broad generalizations, testing the statistical relationship between HIs and conflict is much warranted. Drawing on household surveys from a large number of developing countries, this dissertation offers new systematic data on horizontal inequalities, measured across various group identifiers (ethnic, religious, regional, migrant-status), and along various dimensions (economic, social, political). Specifying various theoretical arguments, the individual articles test the link between HIs and political violence, and whether the relationship is conditioned by different political, economic, and demographic contextual factors. The conflict potential of HIs is evaluated with regard to various forms of politically motivated violence, ranging from civil conflict to low-scale urban violence, and at different levels of analysis (national, regional, local). In sum, the statistical analyses corroborate the findings from the case-based literature, demonstrating that horizontal inequalities are indeed associated with higher levels of political violence.
Contents. (chapter 2-6 is removed due to copyright restrictions)
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Polarization, Horizontal Inequalities and Violent Civil Conflict. Journal of Peace Research 2008, 45(2): 143–162 DOI: 10.1177/0022343307087169
Chapter 3: Inequalities, the Political Environment and Civil Conflict: Evidence from 55 Developing Countries in Frances Stewart, ed., Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict: Understanding Group Violence in Multiethnic Societies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008 (136–159). ISBN 9780230516809 www.palgrave.com
Chapter 4: Regional Inequalities and Civil Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa with Ragnhild Nordås & Jan Ketil Rød. International Studies Quarterly 53(2): 301–324 DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2478.2009.00535.x
Chapter 5: Poverty and Civil War Events: A Disaggregated Study of Liberia with Håvard Hegre & Clionadh Raleigh. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 598–623 DOI: 10.1177/0022002709336459
Chapter 6: Population Pressure, Horizontal Inequality and Political Violence: A Disaggregated Study of Indonesian Provinces, 1990–2003 with Henrik Urdal, Zulfan Tadjoeddin, S. Mansoob Murshed & Håvard Strand. Journal of Development Studies 47(3): 377–398 DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2010.506911
Chapter 7: Internal Migration, Inequality and Urban Social Disorder: Evidence from African and Asian Cities.