The Southern Cone region consists of the six southernmost countries in South America. Three of these countries, Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil have great natural gas resources. All these three countries have goals connected to the gas sector. However, the attainment of these goals varies between the countries.
This thesis studies why some countries are more successful than their neighbouring countries in attaining goals in the natural gas sector. A comparative case study of the abovementioned countries is conducted, finding that Brazil has succeeded to a greater extent than the other two countries. The comparative analysis finds that a stable governance model in the gas sector and a skilled and committed national oil and gas company have been crucial for Brazil’s goal attainment in the sector. The analysis also finds that even though the countries perceive integration in the gas sector as an advantage and have signed several cooperation agreements, few of the integration projects have been implemented. Theories of policy implementation, natural gas governance and regional integration are combined in this study in order to analyse both national and international aspects of goal attainment in the gas sector, and its influence on regional energy integration.