Hide metadata

dc.date.accessioned2013-03-12T09:05:03Z
dc.date.available2013-03-12T09:05:03Z
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.date.submitted2012-03-17en_US
dc.identifier.citationWoyessa, Abeya Olana. Identification of Hydrochemical Processes in the Screen Environment in Shallow Geothermal Wells from Gardermoen . Masteroppgave, University of Oslo, 2012en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/12561
dc.description.abstractGroundwater wells are often clogged by incrustation, which has a negative impact on well specific capacity. Chemical and biological incrustation formed by precipitation of minerals in the well reduces the open area of slots in the screen section, which leads to an efficiency reduction in wells. Incrustation conditions are observed in the geothermal energy wells located at Oslo airport, Gardermoen. Well yield capacity has declined since they were installed in 1997. There are eighteen energy wells; 9 wells on the cold side and 9 wells on the warm side. The ground source of heat pump, which is an open system, extracts heat from the ground by pumping ground water from production well to the heat pump. After the circulation in the system, the ground water used is injected into the injection well and flows through the aquifer again. Recently, one well from the cold wells was totally abandoned and it has been replaced by a new pilot well. A quantitative calculation with PHREEQC of saturation indices for formation- and borehole water has aided in the evaluation of several minerals. These results have been compared with formation mineralogy and crust samples from within the borehole. The results from geochemical modelling indicates that carbonate minerals such as calcite (CaCO3), aragonite (CaCO3), dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2), dolomite-ord (CaMg(CO3)2), and rhodochrosite (MnCO3), have the potential to precipitate in the wells. However, the crust analyses showed that only calcium carbonates were found. Furthermore, the elevated percentage of inorganic carbon in the crust samples supports evidence of carbonate mineral precipitation. In addition, the reduction of ferrous iron (Fe++) concentration, as the flow of formation water approaches production wells, as well as the relatively high percentage of iron in the crust samples are all indicative of Fe (III) oxide minerals precipitation. An increased content of organic carbon in the crust samples compared with aquifer material indicates microbiological activity in the formation of the crust. The disturbance of chemical equilibrium due to pumping, which leads to pressure reduction allows the release of gases from the formation water, resulting in precipitation of calcium carbonate in the wells.eng
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.titleIdentification of Hydrochemical Processes in the Screen Environment in Shallow Geothermal Wells from Gardermoenen_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen_US
dc.date.updated2012-07-12en_US
dc.creator.authorWoyessa, Abeya Olanaen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::450en_US
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.au=Woyessa, Abeya Olana&rft.title=Identification of Hydrochemical Processes in the Screen Environment in Shallow Geothermal Wells from Gardermoen &rft.inst=University of Oslo&rft.date=2012&rft.degree=Masteroppgaveen_US
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-30696en_US
dc.type.documentMasteroppgaveen_US
dc.identifier.duo152855en_US
dc.contributor.supervisorProfessor Per Aagaard and Dr. Kevin Tuttleen_US
dc.identifier.bibsys121912248en_US
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/12561/1/MasterxThesis.pdf


Files in this item

Appears in the following Collection

Hide metadata