ABSTRACTIn this Master thesis, there is an emphasis on scientific studies carried out to find information about the pharmacological effects and phytochemical constituents in 10 selected medicinal plants from Burma. These plants are taken from Burma collection compiled by Arnold Nordal during the period 1957-1961. Information was obtained about ethnomedicinal use, phytochemistry and biological activities of the 10 chosen plants.After a thorough search in different databases, there were great differences in scientific studies for the 10 plants. Documentation for the traditional use varied for the different plants. In two of the plants (Xylia dolabriformis Benth. and Pithecellobium lobatum Benth.) there were not found documentation that can confirm the traditional uses. In three of the plants (Antiaris toxicaria Lesch., Entada phaseoloides Merr. and Acacia pennata Willd.) there was a fair number of documentation that would confirm some of the traditional uses. In the rest of the plants (Ficus religiosa L., Mimosa pudica L., Pithecellobium dulce Benth., Albizia lebbeck Benth. and Tinospora cordifolia Miers.) there was found a reasonable number of documentations and scientific studies which would confirm most of the traditional uses of the plants. For Albizia lebbeck Benth., it is antiasthmatic, antianaphylactic, antiinflammatory, nootropic, anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, antispermatogenic, antidiarrheal, antibacterial, anthelminthic and antiulcer activities that are documented in scientific studies. For Ficus religiosa L. antitumor, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antihelmintic, antimicrobial, antiamnesic, anticonvulsant, antiinflammatory and analgesic effect were documented. For Mimosa pudica L. it is antifertility, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, antibacterial, antivenom, antioxidant, antinociceptive and wound healing activity that is documented in scientific studies. Tinospora cordifolia Miers. has shown antioxidant, pro apoptotic activity, immunostimulatory, hypolipidaemic, anticancer, anti allergic, radio sensitizing, re-establishment of antioxidant defence and antiosteoporotic positive results. For Pithecellobium Dulce Benth. there was a fair number of documentations about antiinflammatory, antivenom, protease inhibition, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective and abortion inducing activity.In this thesis we have many interesting traditional indications that still have not been explained. Thus, it should be carried out several scientific studies so we may in the future be able to benefit by the properties of these medicine plants.